USF History Professor and CVAST Affiliate Professor William Murray is using 3D technologies to study ancient Mediterranean warships and their main offensive weapon, large bronze rams mounted on their bows at the waterline. Often scarred by battle damage, these broken, cracked and bent weapons hold crucial evidence for the forces generated by ancient naval warfare.
Piraeus Archaeological Museum (Greece), perhaps from an Athenian trireme. Date: 5th-2nd centuries (?) BCE.
These videos show animations of the point clouds that resulted from scanning the Triumphal Arch at Orange, France.
Murray is gathering all kinds of evidence for Mediterranean ramming warfare, including 3D models of all 15 surviving authentic rams. His goal: to help scholars, students and modeling enthusiasts better understand the ships that secured Athenian democracy and helped to build and maintain the Roman Empire.
Various battle spoils in a sculpted panel above the NE side, including both rams and warships’ bows. Date: 1st century CE.
Modeled perhaps after the ram of a Roman quinquereme. Date: 1st century BCE.
CVAST documented a wide variaty of heritage sites in the region of La Mancha, Spain
Zoology and palaeontology at the Natural History Museum in Paris
3D imaging and computer animation are harnessed to bring fossil dinosaurs “back to life”